Research Article| Volume 24, ISSUE 11, P1189-1196, November 2014

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Yogurt consumption, weight change and risk of overweight/obesity: The SUN cohort study


      Background and aims

      Epidemiological studies on the association between yogurt consumption and the risk of overweight/obesity are scarce. We prospectively examined the association of yogurt consumption with overweight/obesity and average annual weight gain.

      Methods and results

      Prospective cohort study of 8516 men and women (mean age 37.1, SD: 10.8 y). Participants were followed-up every two years. Participants were classified in 5 categories of yogurt consumption at baseline: 0–2, >2–<5, 5–<7, 7 and ≥7 servings/week. Outcomes were: 1) average yearly weight change during follow-up; and 2) incidence of overweight/obesity. Linear regression models and Cox models were used to adjust for potential confounders. After a median follow-up of 6.6 years, 1860 incident cases of overweight/obesity were identified. A high (>7 servings/week) consumption of total and whole-fat yogurt was associated with lower incidence of overweight/obesity [multivariable adjusted hazard ratios = 0.80 (95% CI: 0.68–0.94); and 0.62 (0.47–0.82) respectively] in comparison with low consumption (0–2 servings/week). This inverse association was stronger among participants with higher fruit consumption.


      In this Mediterranean cohort, yogurt consumption was inversely associated with the incidence of overweight/obesity, especially among participants with higher fruit consumption.



      RCTs (randomized controlled trials), CAIs (Carbonic Anhydrase inhibitors), SUN (Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra – Follow-up University of Navarra), NHS (Nurses' Health Study), HPFS (Health Professionals Follow-up Study), FFQ (food frequency questionnaire), BMI (body mass index), MET (metabolic equivalent), Q_0 (baseline questionnaire), Q_2 (questionnaire at 2 years of follow-up), Q_4 (questionnaire at 4 years of follow-up), Q_6 (questionnaire at 6 years of follow-up), HR (hazard ratio), CI (confidence interval), SD (standard deviation), ANCOVA (analysis of covariance)
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