- Type 2 diabetes prevalence is high in older adults and is expected to rise in the next decades. Diabetes in the population of frail older adults is accompanied by functional disability, several comorbidities, and premature mortality. A comprehensive geriatric assessment, including functional, cognitive, mental and social status, is advisable for identifying the glycemic targets and glucose-lowering therapies, focused on patient preferences, needs, and risks. The therapeutic options for older adults with diabetes are like those for the adult population.
- Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the field of diabetes have limitations inherent to the fact that design, setting, and patient characteristics may be poorly transferrable to clinical practice. Thus, evidence from studies using routinely accumulated clinical data are increasingly valued.
- Diabetes is ultimately the result of relative or absolute insulin deficiency; insulin should therefore represent its “natural” treatment, from the very moment of diagnosis, or even earlier, such as any other hormonal deficiency. Insulin treatment, however, has been accused of the worst crimes, including that of fostering obesity, insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and, lately, cancer. Are these charges real? Does insulin treatment truly carry in its nature the original sin of causing such terrible consequences? This unresolvable, past and present dispute has had important effects on our clinical behavior in insulin initiation in the management of Type 2 diabetes, and we all hoped that a specifically designed trial could help us on this controversy.
- We evaluated the relationship between insulin resistance (IR) and insulin secretion with the metabolic syndrome (MS) in 885 subjects (377 men/508 women, age 49±11 years, BMI 29±5.2 kgm−2) at risk of diabetes enrolled in the genetics, pathophysiology and evolution of type 2 diabetes (GENFIEV) study.